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Selective Events/Characteristics of Some Prominent Muslim Kings/Commander-In-Chiefs

 

Emperor/C-in-C

Reign start

Reign end

Brief Description Of Selective Events/Characteristics

1

Muhammad bin Qasim

711

 

The Umayyad caliph in Damascus sent an expedition to Balochistan and Sindh in 711 led by Muhammad bin Qasim . The expedition went as far north as Multan

2

Syed Salar Masud Ghazi

1031

1035

He won many battles during short time of the reign of Sultan Mahmood.Ghaznvi In and around Delhi there were villages of the Meos who used to give him a great respect and very popular in their area of Mewat.He used to send his followers for teaching and spreading of Islam. In Mewat, the Meos still held in high reverence.

3

Qutb-ud-din Aybak

13th century

 

In 1206, when after Muhammad Ghuri was assassinated; Qutubuddin Aibak crowned himself Sultan of Delhi. He died in 1210 AD of injuries caused by an accident during a Polo match.

4

Shams ud din Iltumish

1211

1236

Shams ud din Iltumish (1211 - 1236), a former slave-warrior, established a Turkic kingdom in Delhi.

5

The Slave Dynasty

1206

1290

The period saw the settling of the Qutub Minar-Mehrauli area and the building of four of the cities of Delhi: Siri, Tughlaqabad, Jahanpanah and Ferozabad.

6

Khalji
Dynasty

1290

1320

The Khilji dynasty, under Ala ud din (1296 - 1316)

7

Tughlaq Dynasty

1320

1413

The Tughlaq Dynasty started in 1321 in Delhi when Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq assumed the throne. He was succeeded Muhammad bin Tughlaq. After him his cousin Feroz Shah Tughlaq assumed the throne.

8

Sayyid Dynasty

1414

1451

After the Tughlaq dynasty, the Sayyid dynasty rose to power. They were essentially the rulers of the Delhi Sultanate of India.

9

Lodi Dynasty

1451

1526

The Lodi dynasty in India arose around 1451 after the Sayyid dynasty. The Lodhi Empire was established by the Ghizlai tribe of the Afghans. They formed the last phase of the Delhi Sultanate. There were three main rulers Buhlul Khan Lodi, Sikandar Lodi and Ibrahim Lodhi in the history of Lodi dynasty.

10

Feroz Shah Tughlaq

1388

 

Once Feroz Shah Tughlaq along with Sardar Rai Chhajamal Mal Meo etc was on hunting spry in nearby area of Delhi.There he was attacked by a lion. Sardar Rai Chhajmal killed the lion for which he was given the title of Nahar Bahadur who later on accepted Islam. He remained a ruler of Mewat for quite a longtime and thereafter his other family members continued to rule over the Mewat.

11

Babur

1526

1530

Hasan Khan had no qualms in rejecting Babar’s proposal of intimacy, saying,” I am an Indian first and I won’t let a foreign vanquish or enslave my country.

12

Bairam Khan

 

 

Bairam Khan,whose military genius had seen the Mughals regain their lands in India, who had served both Humayun and Akbar loyally, and laid the foundation for a strong empire, was now before the emperor as a prisoner. He married Jahan Aara the great warrior and admistrater, the daughter of Sardar Jalal Khan Meo from Gujarat.

13

Humayun

1530

1556

Humayun’s Sapesalar and Advisor was Bairam Khan who married Jahan Aara, the daughter of Jalal Khan Meo. Jahan Aara along with her father fought in Mughal army against Sikandar Shah whose army C-in-C, Tatar Khan was killed by Jahan Aara, but her father could not survive and was sacrificed in the battle.

14

Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar

1556

1605

He was the son of Nasiruddin Humayun whom he succeeded as ruler of the Mughal Empire. Bairam Khan cleverly concealed the report of Humayun's death in order to prepare for Akbar's accession to the throne. Akbar succeeded his father.

15

Jahangir

1605

1627

Jahangir was born on August 30, 1569, to Akbar, the Moghul Emperor, and his Hindu wife, the daughter of Raja Bhar Mal of Amber. He was crowned on October 24,1605. In the 22 years he was Emperor, till his death on October 28, 1627.

16

Shah Jahan

1627

1658

He was the fifth Mughal ruler succeeded the throne after revolting against his father, Jahangir. The period of Shah Jahan's rule in India is regarded as the golden age of Indian architecture. He is credited with constructing numerous beautiful monuments throughout the landscape of India. However, the most brilliant monument is the 'Taj Mahal' of Agra, which he built in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

17

Aurangzeb

                  

1658

1707

Mohyuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb was born on October 24, 1618 CE at Dohad in the Bombay Presidency. He was the third son of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. Aurangzeb was the greatest king among the Mughals and ruled over the largest territory of any ruler in Indian history. His empire extended from Kabul in present Afghanistan to areas in South India bordering Madurai in present Tamil Nadu State. He was a kind-hearted man and led a simple life. He was a just ruler and forgave his enemies. He abolished all non-Islamic practices at his court; abolished Ilahi calendar introduced by Akbar and reinstated Islamic lunar calendar. He enforced laws against gambling and drinking. He abolished taxes on commodities and inland transport duties. He forbade the practice of Emperor being weighed in gold and silver on birthdays. Aurangzeb did not draw salary from state treasury but earned his own living by selling caps he sewed and selling copies of the Quran he copied by hand.

18

Nadir Shah

1739

 

The Persian invader, defeated the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah at the Battle of Karnal and then marched to Delhi. Dariba Kalan was then full of gold and silversmiths, but with Nadir Shah's invasion, it became a street of the dead. Hundreds of bodies littered the street and were piled up against the gates.

 
 
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